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Canadian Immigration Process Explained

The Canadian immigration process is long and complex, with many things to consider before you can submit your application to the government. Ideally, when it's time to apply, you want to ensure that you stand the best chance of having a successful application and receiving a permanent resident card so that you may call Canada your new home.

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    5 Steps Of The Canadian Immigration Process

    Before submitting your application to the government, there are several factors to take into account throughout the drawn-out and complicated Canadian immigration procedure. When the time comes to apply, you want to make sure that you have the highest chance of being approved and getting a permanent residency card so that you may start calling Canada home.

    Numerous aspirants from over the world pursue new lives in the enormous and stunning nation. So how do you even begin this amazing, life-altering journey? The five actions listed below will help you travel to Canada by checking all the appropriate boxes.

    1) Make sure you're eligible

    Are you able to move to Canada legally? To find the answer to this, you must first determine if you are eligible to start a new life in Canada. Later, we’ll discuss the individual immigration schemes and their prerequisites.

    To make it simpler for you to assimilate into Canadian society, you should at least have a basic command of one of the two official languages of Canada, either English or French. You must pass a language test in order to verify your language proficiency. You must also meet the requirements for settlement money and be eligible to enter Canada under Canadian immigration law.

    Eligibility for Immigration to Canada: Minimum Conditions

    Language Proficiency in English or French

    The minimal requirements for all four language abilities are a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) score of 5–7 or a Niveaux de Compétence Linguistique Canadian (NCLC) score of 5–7. Taking a preparation course for one of the language exams that the Canadian government has sanctioned is a terrific method to guarantee that you receive the greatest CLB possible.

    Compensation Funds

    Imagine moving to Canada without a job in mind. If so, you’ll need to have enough money for the settlement, which starts at CAD 13,310 for a single application and goes up to $3,586 for each additional family member.

    Health Conditions

    Your health cannot jeopardize public security or result in an excessive need for medical and social assistance.

    No Criminal History

    You must not constitute a security concern and have no prior convictions, including DUIs. Unwelcome family member, You won’t be eligible to immigrate to Canada if you have a spouse or child who is barred from entering due to ill health or a criminal record.

    2) Discover Your Immigration Program

    The next stage is to determine how you will become a Canadian permanent resident. For individuals looking to relocate to the Great North, there are presently more than 100 immigration and visa programs available. But how do you determine which one is best for you?

    Spending your application costs on an immigration program that might be excessively competitive is the last thing you wish to do. The simplest method to figure out your ideal route to Canada is to have a professional visa expert conduct an extensive eligibility analysis.

    Express Entry

    The most well-liked immigration route is Canada’s Express Entry System. In order to give competent foreign employees and their families permanent residency in Canada in as short as six months, a mechanism was developed in 2015.

    Three programs are available in the Express Entry System to categories various types of applicants. They are listed below.

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    The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

    The FSWP is a stream designed primarily for applicants who work in professions like an accountant, web developers, or doctors, which typically require a university degree.

    The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)

    The FSTP is specifically intended for skilled workers, who are typically employed in a trade that calls for certification, such as a college degree. Plumbers, chefs, and electricians are a few examples of these professions.

    The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

    For skilled individuals who have been residing and working in Canada for at least a year, the Express Entry program is specifically designed for them. By setting up an Express Entry profile on the website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), you can apply for this procedure. You must include your information when you create your profile in order to find out if you qualify for Canadian permanent residency. The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is used to evaluate your information and generate a CRS score.

    The Express Entry pool receives each applicant’s score. The IRCC conducts an Express Entry draw once every two weeks. Traditionally, an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residency was sent to every candidate whose CRS score was higher than a specific threshold.

    Sean Fraser, Canada’s minister of immigration, mentioned that as of 2023, CRS scores would still be important, but individuals with abilities that are required in Canada will be given preference over those without. To give you an idea of the abilities that Canada needs the most, here is a breakdown of the in-demand professions in the country. Here is a detailed explanation of the Express Entry System, including information on eligibility rules and how to apply, in case you decide that it is the best option.

    Provincial Nominee Programs

    Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs go hand in hand with the Express Entry System. The PNP is in charge of Canada’s second-largest annual immigrant intake. According to CIC News, this option will provide 105,000 province nominees with permanent residency (PR) visas in 2023.

    According to their labor market demands, eleven of Canada’s provinces and territories submit nominations for foreign employees. Find out which PNP is seeking a skilled applicant, then apply to that program. If you are nominated, you may apply for permanent residence in Canada. The majority of PNP favor applicants who have legitimate employment offers or work histories in the province in which they want to reside.

    By using your Express Entry profile, you can submit a PNP application. You will gain an additional 600 CRS points if your PNP application is accepted, which will effectively secure you an ITA at the upcoming Express Entry draw.

    Family Sponsorship

    They can sponsor you to become a permanent resident if you have relatives, a spouse, or a domestic partner living in Canada. They must obtain sponsor status from the Canadian government in order to do this.

    To do this, they need to be

    • Over 18
    • a permanent resident or citizen of Canada
    • possess the resources necessary to take care of you while you are in Canada
    • Do not require government aid (outside of disability)

    There are various distinct family sponsorship programs that take into account the link between the applicant and sponsor. Your sponsor must be a close relative of the applicant. Which are:

    • Sponsorship for a spouse, a partner, or dependent children
    • Sponsorship from parents and grandparents
    • family sponsorship
    Pilot Programs

    The government of Canada has established numerous immigration pilot programs for those who work in particular industries or occupations due to the high demand for certain occupations there. They are listed below.

    The Atlantic Immigration Pilot (AIP)

    The AIP is for foreign employees with high- and intermediate-level skills who want to relocate to Canada’s Atlantic region. Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and Labrador are all included in this region. You must obtain a legitimate job offer from a recognized employer in one of these provinces in order to be eligible. As an alternative, you can always ask a potential employer to nominate and support your Canadian immigration application through the AIP.

    The Agri-Food Pilot

    The Agri-Food Immigration Pilot allows farmworkers, industrial butchers, and workers in the food processing industry to immigrate to Canada. There is a constant need for this personnel in Canada. It makes it simple for them to obtain permanent residency after successfully obtaining career opportunities for full-time employment in Canada.

    The Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP)

    The RNIP is a brand-new initiative supported by the community that aims to bring immigration advantages to rural areas of Canada. By filling in-demand occupations and founding enterprises, intermediate skilled workers, skilled workers, and laborers contribute to the growth of these areas.

    The Home Care Provider Pilot

    The goal of this Pilot program is to help international home childcare providers and home support workers move to Canada and get permanent residency. To apply, candidates must have at least 24 months of experience and a legitimate job offer in the home care industry.

    Temporary Resident Visas

    Let’s say you are unable to fully satisfy the conditions of a permanent residency program or cannot wait the lengthy processing period, which is frequently several years. Then, in order to visit Canada and remain there long enough to be eligible for a program like the CEC, you can begin your Canadian trip by obtaining a temporary visa, such as a work or study permit.

    Study Permit

    If you want to continue your education through Canada’s top-notch educational system, you’ll need a study visa.

    You have to have a letter of acceptance from a Canadian Designated Learning Institution (DLI) and proof that you have enough money to cover your tuition and support yourself while you are away from home studying, in order to be eligible for a study permit. A Post-Graduate Work Permit (PGWP), which enables you to work and live in Canada for up to three years following graduation, may also be a possibility for you if you choose to begin your career there.

    Work Permit

    You’ll need a Canadian work visa if you want to launch your career in Canada and advance it in the nation’s burgeoning labour market. You must be eligible to enter Canada and have a legitimate job offer from a recognized Canadian employer in order to obtain a work permit.

    If you’re unsure which of these methods is the best way to immigrate, consulting with a licensed immigration specialist like a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant could be quite beneficial from the best Canada Global Immigration Firm. An RCIC can offer you a thorough examination to show which program is appropriate for you and give you the assistance and direction you need to get through the immigration process quickly and successfully.

    3) Gather Your Immigration Documents.

    If you’ve ever wondered why applying for permanent residency in Canada is such a drawn-out procedure, look no further than the paperwork you need to gather. A Canada Immigration Document Checklist is provided below if you’d want to be ready. It might take some time to gather these.

    • valid travel authorization/ passport
    • Certificate of a medical examination for immigration purposes
    • Police certificate using biometrics
    • results of language tests
    • Assessment of Education Credentials (ECA)
    • a valid letter of employment (if applicable)
    • family details (if applicable)
    • evidence of prior work experience that is related
    • evidence of money

    Why do you require these papers? They must back up your opening assertions. For instance, candidates for Express Entry who requested CRS points for their educational level during the draw rounds must provide documentation of their overseas credentials and obtain an ECA proving their education meets Canadian criteria.

    4) Submit Your Application for Immigration to Canada

    It’s time to submit your application fees when you’ve completed all necessary application forms accurately and gathered all required documentation from the document review. The following are the application fees for the various immigration routes to Canada:

    The fees for Canada’s Economic Programs are the same:

    • Agri-food pilot
    • AIP
    • CEC
    • FSWP
    • FSTP
    • PNPs
    • RNIP

    The Fees for these programs are as follows:



    Your application



    Include your spouse or partner.


    Right of permanent residence fee (for you and your partner)


    Per dependent child


    Caregiver pilots fees:



    Your application



    Include your spouse or partner.


    Right of permanent residence fee (for you and your partner)


    Per dependent child


    Family sponsorship fees:

    Family Sponsorship Fees


    Principal Applicant Processing Fee



    Sponsorship fee


    Right of permanent residence fee (for you and your partner)


    Include the spouse or partner


    Per dependent child


    Temporary resident permit or visa fees:

    Visa Fees


    Temporary resident permit – per person



    Study permit – per person


    Work permit (including extensions) – per person


    Once your payments have been paid, you may either submit your application online or mail it to the appropriate Canadian immigration department using a courier service. For instance, RNIP applicants must ship their applications to Sydney, Nova Scotia’s central intake office.

    Your application will be handed to you if it is missing any required documentation. If you lie on your application, you risk having it denied and being barred from applying again for five years.

    5) Await your Results

    An IRCC Officer will carefully examine your application. It can take several months to finish this review. All of the data and documents you have submitted will be taken into account by the Officer, who will compare it to the selection criteria in effect at the time.

    Launch a Glorious Future in Canada

    You can navigate the challenges of migrating to Canada using these five methods. However, put your application in the capable hands of our immigration specialists if you want a shorter, less stressful, and—most importantly—successful voyage to Canada.

    Our RCICs may help you create online profiles, complete application forms, take courses to help you become more proficient in English and interview techniques, maintain track of your application for you, assist you in gathering and verifying your documentation, curate your online presence, and more.

    Get help from the experts

    Moving your life to a new country is a fair point to be perplexed at some point. New country, new languages, new customs, people, and the daunting Immigration Process.
    Our team holds the most experienced and knowledgeable RCICs from all over the world. So, from finding your eligibility for the immigration process to filing your visa application- we got it all in our hands!