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Immigrating from India to Canada
Canada has over 100 economic-class immigration pathways for Indian citizens and residents to choose from. However, the best pathway for you (and family) depends on individual circumstances and goals.
Are You Planning To Immigrate To Canada From India?
Indians are just one of the many nationalities from around the world who find Canada to be a desirable destination. There are numerous arguments in favor of your decision if you’re thinking about making a permanent relocation from India to Canada. However, moving to a new nation is a significant decision, so think carefully before taking this potentially life-altering step.
As you begin to organize your relocation from Canada to India, you could have concerns regarding the cost of emigrating to Canada as well as the immigration program you’re most likely to be accepted into. This article offers a thorough overview of all the immigration choices, both temporary and permanent, that are available to you, along with advice on how to choose the one that will work best for you.
Why should I relocate from India to Canada?
For a higher quality of life, many new immigrants from India choose to settle in Canada. According to the US News Report’s ranking of the world’s best nations for living, Canada came in the first place. The United Nations Human Development Index, which takes into consideration elements including life expectancy, health, education, and style of living, gives Canada a score of 0.929 while awarding India a score of 0.645.
Many immigrants from India are drawn to Canada because of its diversity and open-minded culture. The nation gives you the chance to embrace variety while staying connected to your Indian heritage. According to the 2016 census, immigrants made up 21.9 percent of Canada’s population, and in previous years, more than 12 percent of all immigrants to Canada relocated from India.
The liberal immigration laws of Canada also make it a popular choice for immigrants. In comparison to many other affluent nations, it is simpler to obtain citizenship and permanent residence in Canada. There are a number of immigration programs targeted toward skilled and semi-skilled individuals who possess the training, experience, and qualifications necessary for employment in Canada. In addition to more lucrative employment prospects, environmental sustainability, and social equality, many Indian immigrants identify these factors as the main reasons they chose to live in Canada.
How to apply for Express Entry to immigrate to Canada from India?
One of the most used immigration channels for obtaining permanent residence (PR) in Canada is the federal Express Entry system. Candidates can check their eligibility, complete their Express Entry profile, and submit an online application for permanent residence using this simple procedure.
Express Entry requirements and streams
There are three distinct streams in the Express Entry system:
- Federal Skilled Workers (FSW) program: The FSW program is intended for foreign skilled workers who possess a high degree of education or experience and are fluent in at least one of the two official languages, English or French.
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP): The FSTP targets skilled craftsmen with at least two years of professional experience, full-time job offers from Canadian businesses, and intermediate English or French language abilities.
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC) program: This program is intended for foreign nationals who have worked in Canada for at least one year in the previous three years in a skilled occupation.
Submitting an application for Express Entry
Form a profile for Express Entry: You must build an Express Entry profile and provide information about your education, employment experience, age, language test results, siblings who are residents of Canada, and other characteristics in order to apply for PR under one of the Express Entry system programs.
Await an invitation before applying: A Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score is generated for your profile based on your responses. Your position among other applicants in the Express Entry system will be determined by your score. When you reach the cut-off (or minimum qualifying score), your profile often stays live for up to a year or until you receive an invitation to apply (ITA).
Submit your Permanent Residence (PR) application: Only after receiving an Invitation to Apply may you use Express Entry to apply for PR. You have 60 days to submit your application, along with your supporting documentation, application costs, and the right of permanent residency fees. Processing and receiving your Confirmation of Permanent Residence takes six to twelve months for PR applications (COPR). Before you may immigrate to Canada, you might also need to submit your biometrics or go for a medical exam.
How to enter Canada via PNP from India
A province-driven immigration scheme known as the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) enables provinces and territories to invite PR applicants who have the qualifications, work history, and education required to fill employment market gaps and support the local economy. Every province and territory has a PNP, with the exception of Quebec and Nunavut.
The Provincial Nominee Programs application process
It’s crucial to investigate Canada’s provinces and territories and make your decision about where you wish to live before submitting an application for PNP. Make sure you meet the requirements for the PNP stream you chose and that it is the appropriate one for your background. Once you’ve made a choice, there are two ways to apply for PNP: online through Express Entry or via a paper-based application.
You must be nominated by the province in order to be eligible for PR, despite the fact that the two methods differ in terms of the application process. Once you have a provincial nomination, submit your application for permanent residence to IRCC, pay the application fees, and then wait to get your CPR.
Other Categories for permanent immigration from India to Canada
The two well-known PR programs, Express Entry and PNP, only account for about 45% of the government’s immigration targets. You can apply for a variety of additional immigration categories as a recent immigrant from India in order to obtain permanent residency in Canada. A few of these are:
If you have a husband, partner, kid, parent, or grandchild who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, you can be eligible for the family sponsorship program. In this case, your relative (sponsor) is required to sign an agreement and sponsorship undertaking pledging to help you financially and take care of your basic necessities once you are a permanent resident. Your PR application will be processed by IRCC if it is determined that your sponsor is qualified.
Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP)
If you want to settle in one of Canada’s Atlantic provinces—Nova Scotia, New Brunswick (NB), Prince Edward Island (PEI), or Newfoundland and Labrador—the Atlantic Immigration Program may be the best choice (NL). The AIP is a business-driven initiative that enables these provinces to draw and keep qualified workers.
If you are a foreign skilled worker with at least 1,560 hours of recent work experience or have successfully finished at least a two-year study program in Atlantic Canada, you may be eligible for the AIP. Additionally, you will require a legitimate work offer from an authorized firm in Atlantic Canada.
Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP)
A community-driven PR program called the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot enables foreign professionals to work and live in one of the Canadian communities that is a participant. Up to 2,750 new permanent residents may be admitted annually by the government under the RNIP during the pilot program’s anticipated duration of 2024.
Start-up visa (SUV)
The SUV program targets foreign business owners with the expertise, aptitude, and potential to establish cutting-edge enterprises in Canada, generate employment, and compete internationally. You need to have a qualifying business and obtain a letter of support from a designated organization allowed to invest in potential start-ups in order to be eligible for this program.
Prior to submitting an application for PR, you must first establish your firm in Canada and obtain a commitment certificate and letter of support from a designated organization (you can use those papers to apply for a work visa).
How to relocate to Canada to study in India
Studying in Canada is a terrific way to experience life in Canada and increase your chances of becoming eligible for permanent residence if you don’t already qualify for it or aren’t sure whether you want to relocate there permanently. Foreign nationals, including Indian residents, are granted temporary residence permission known as a “study permit” to study in Canada.
You must be admitted to a Canadian institution or college that accepts international students before submitting an application for a study permit (called a Designated Learning Institution). You may also be eligible for a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP), which enables you to work in Canada temporarily after your studies are completed, by participating in a study program that is at least eight months long.
The letter of acceptance you receive after being admitted to a Canadian university or institution is what you need to apply for a study permit.
Indian citizens may use the accelerated Student Direct Stream to apply for a study permit (SDS). You require a Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC) from an authorized financial institution to demonstrate that you have the means necessary to pay for your living expenses in Canada in order to obtain your study visa through the SDS within 20 business days.
Getting a Job in Canada, from India
Some immigrants choose to work in Canada temporarily on a work visa rather than simply seeking permanent residence.
By taking this path and acquiring Canadian work experience, you can increase your CRS score for Express Entry programs or become eligible for the Canadian Experience Class program, which will make it simpler for you to become eligible for permanent residency in the future.
Canadian Job Permit Types
In Canada, there are two varieties of work permits:
Employer-specific work permit: If you have a legitimate job offer from a Canadian employer, you can only obtain an employer-specific work permit. The terms of your employment, such as the employer you may work for, the place of employment, and the type of work you may perform in Canada, are outlined in this work permit.
Open work permit: You may work for any Canadian employer who is eligible for an open work permit. You can apply for this visa without having a job offer.
Open work permits, on the other hand, are only given in certain circumstances, such as to foreign skilled workers and international students who have completed qualifying study programs in Canada (Post-Graduation Work Permit), to certain PR applicants, and to the spouses or partners of those individuals.
How to pick the Best Immigration route to Migrate to Canada from India
It can be challenging to learn about the various Canadian immigration programs and try to figure out which one you are eligible for. Here are some pointers for selecting the best immigration route for Indians moving to Canada:
- Estimate your CRS score and contrast it with the most recent Express Entry cutoffs: You can then determine whether you’re most likely to be accepted into the PNP or Express Entry programs. On the website of the Canadian government, you can use a free Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score calculator to estimate your score after answering a few questions.
- Check the demand for your profession in Canada: Candidates in high-demand professions are given priority in several PNP programs.
- Determine whether your history qualifies you for additional PR programs: For instance, family sponsorship can be a wonderful choice for you if you have close family in Canada.
- Look for employment in Canada: If you want to move to Canada, a job offer from Canada can help you do it. An employment offer improves your chances of being accepted into the Provincial Nominee Programs and various other immigration schemes if you’re submitting a PR application. As an alternative, you can apply for a work permit and temporarily immigrate to Canada if your employer’s Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is favorable.
- Consider your budget: Make sure the cost of tuition and living in Canada fits your budget if you’re thinking about going there to study. Although many Indian students studying in Canada take on part-time jobs to help with expenses, you’ll probably need to pay for at least the first year’s tuition upfront.
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