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Immigrating from USA to Canada
Canada has over 100 economic-class immigration pathways for Americans citizens and residents to choose from. However, the best pathway for you (and family) depends on individual circumstances and goals.
Are You Planning To Immigrate To Canada From US?
Are you thinking about relocating from the United States to Canada? It’s not just you. More than 10,000 Americans relocated to Canada in 2021. You can have a lot of chances after moving to Canada in terms of employment, healthcare, and education. You must be aware of your possibilities for entering and remaining lawfully in Canada before traveling there to visit, study, or work. The number of Americans wishing to relocate to Canada has risen in recent months. This is why we’ve put together this detailed manual for migrating to Canada from the US. The best approaches to obtaining permanent residence in Canada as a US citizen are discussed in the following sections.
How do I Immigrate permanently from the USA to Canada?
The Express Entry procedure in Canada is one of the simplest ways for Americans to immigrate to that country. The bulk of Canadian immigration applications for three of the nation’s economic immigration programs is processed through Express Entry. Through Express Entry, you can be eligible for Canadian permanent residency if you meet the requirements for one of the programs listed below. One of the quickest immigration procedures in the world, Express Entry processes 80% of petitions for permanent status within 6 months.
Three federal economic immigration streams are available:
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW)
You may qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program if you possess a minimum of a year of experience in a skilled occupation, meet the minimal language criteria in either French or English, and earn at least 67 out of a possible 100 points on the FSW selection grid.
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST)
You may qualify for the Federal Skilled Trades Program if you have two years of work experience in a skilled trade, fulfill the minimum language requirements in French or English, and either possess a Canadian certificate of qualification to practice your trade in Canada or an employment contract in your skilled trade in Canada.
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
You may be qualified to apply for the Canadian Experience Class if you have worked in a skilled capacity (NOC 0, A, or B) for at least a year in Canada with a valid work permit and meet the minimal language criteria in French or English. These courses are score-based and competitive. Remember that simply meeting the requirements for one of these programs is insufficient. Only those with the highest rankings will be permitted to submit an application for immigration to Canada. Candidates are given scores and are rated against one another.
The provinces of Canada can also influence who comes to live there. Express Entry streamlines a portion of these Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), while some PNP streams are completely independent of it.
The Express Entry system can assist you in learning which programs you might be qualified for as each one has its unique requirements. If a Canadian province has consented to nominate you under the Provincial Nominee Program, you can immediately obtain up to 600 points.
The most qualified applicants are typically chosen by IRCC and invited to submit their applications twice a month. In other words, an invitation to apply will be extended to anyone who scored higher than the minimum required.
Provincial Nominee Programs
Utilizing the Provincial Nominee Programs is another way for Americans to immigrate to Canada. The provinces of Canada are able to submit candidates through these programs who they believe are qualified to relocate there.
The participating Canadian provinces in the program are:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
You can seek a nomination from one of those Canadian provinces if you are a citizen of the United States and want to immigrate there. By approaching the province directly (following the instructions on their websites), you may accomplish this, or you could indicate interest using the Express Entry system.
Depending on your situation, you may be eligible for one of the following work visas if you are traveling to Canada from the US to work:
NAFTA Work Permits
As part of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which unites Canada, the United States, and Mexico, some kinds of temporary employees are permitted access to each other’s markets, thereby facilitating trade between the three nations.
American nationals who have a qualifying employment offer from a Canadian company may be granted NAFTA work permits through the International Mobility Program in order to temporarily work in Canada without first completing a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).
Additionally, they enable American businesses with Canadian subsidiaries to swiftly move American personnel to managerial or executive positions.
Employer Specific Work Permit
You might be qualified to enter Canada on an employer-specific work permit if you have a legitimate job offer from that employer. A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), which is a document that demonstrates the company made an effort to fill the position with a Canadian citizen or permanent resident before it was made available to a foreign national, is typically necessary for an employer-specific work permit.
Anyone who enters Canada on an employer-specific work permit and wishes to change jobs must apply for a new work permit.
Spousal Open Work Permit
You might qualify for a spousal open work permit if your spouse or common-law partner is a temporary foreign worker or an international student in Canada, or if you’re going through the inland sponsorship process. This kind of permit is not employer-specific, so as long as your present permit is still in effect, you won’t need to obtain a new one if you move jobs.
Your spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner can sponsor your relocation to Canada if you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
Your spouse must be above 18, have no criminal history, be capable of supporting you, not be getting social assistance, and demonstrate that they intend to stay in Canada when you relocate there in order to be eligible to sponsor you.
You must also demonstrate that you are in a conjugal relationship or that you have resided together for a predetermined period of time if you are not married. This could entail providing evidence that you live together, pay your bills together, and share a mailing address.
Foreign business owners with creative ideas are given Startup Visa by the Canadian government. The startup program will provide excellent prospects for US individuals attempting to immigrate to Canada and launch a business.
However, the Canadian startup visa has a series of prerequisites and eligibility standards, just like other visa categories. If you’re a US national attempting to immigrate to Canada and launch a business, you must demonstrate:
- You run a legitimate business.
- You have a letter of support from the named organization. Startup companies in Canada are sponsored and supported by a specified organization.
- You have enough money to support yourself while you wait for your firm to become a profit.
Visiting Canada/ Visitors Visa
You do not require a Canadian visa or an electronic travel visa if you are traveling to Canada with a current US passport (eTA). If you are not a citizen or permanent resident of Canada, or if you are not from a nation that does not require a visa, like the US, you will need a visiting visa to enter the country. If you have a US Green Card, you can enter Canada without needing a visa. However, you will require an eTA if you are flying to or through a Canadian airport.
With a visitor visa, you are able to travel, look for jobs, and even take part in some short-term education programs lawfully for up to 6 months in Canada. However, you are unable to work or even apply for a study visa or work permit while being inside Canada.
How much does it cost to move from the US to Canada?
Most visa applications require the submission of government processing fees. Regardless of your nationality or place of origin, these fees remain the same. Depending on the immigration program you qualify for, processing costs change. A Canadian work permit application is $155 and a Canadian study permit application is $150. The $490 Right of Permanent Residency fee (RPFR), which is required to be paid when submitting an application for permanent residence, must be paid.
Healthcare in Canada
The healthcare system in the US and Canada differs significantly. All Canadian citizens and permanent residents have access to the hospital and doctor services provided by their home province’s health insurance program. In the US, your employer will often cover your medical expenses. However, you might not be able to purchase private insurance in the United States if your company does not participate in an insurance program, you lose your job, or for any number of other reasons.
Only in 2017, 11% of Americans lacked health insurance. Unfortunately, this high number is not due to Americans being healthy; rather, it is due to their inability to pay for healthcare.
Citizenship in Canada
You should have permanent resident (PR) status in Canada and have physically resided in the country for at least 1095 days (about three years) during the five years before the day you sign your application in order to be eligible to apply for citizenship. In the last five years, any time spent studying, traveling, or working in Canada prior to becoming a permanent resident will count as a one-half-half day, up to a maximum of 365 full days, towards your physical presence. Therefore, the sooner you begin your stay in Canada, the earlier you will start the process of becoming a citizen.
How may we help you?
Hence, we, the best Canadian Visa consultants in the USA are right here to help you throughout your Canadian visa process. Visit our website or call us for more information.